Exclusive: Biden sidelined worldwide energy partners with record emergency situation oil release

© Reuters. SUBMIT IMAGE: A labyrinth of petroleum pipelines and valves is visualized throughout a trip by the Department of Energy at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in Freeport, Texas, U.S. June 9, 2016. REUTERS/Richard Carson


By Noah Browning and Dmitry Zhdannikov

LONDON (Reuters) – The United States revealed a record-sized release of emergency situation reserves in March without seeking advice from partners in the International Energy Agency, leaving them rushing to match with releases of their own, according to 2 sources acquainted with the matter.

Unilateral action by Washington to resolve worldwide supply or cost problems dangers weakening the U.S. relationship with the IEA, the world’s energy guard dog that generally manages global releases from emergency situation stockpiles, and might raise concerns about the continued significance of the group.

The Paris-based IEA, which groups together 31 mainly industrialized nations, was developed after the 1973 oil cost shock to make sure constant energy products to its members in case of an embargo, war, or ravaging storm.

The group’s members have actually ended up being anxious that U.S. President Joe Biden is utilizing the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) to tamp down widespread domestic inflation for political factors, rather of securing customer nations from an international supply interruption, according to the sources who decreased to be recognized due to the fact that of the level of sensitivity of the subject.

“The IEA was embarrassed by the (U.S.) release which was at the start done essentially unilaterally by the U.S.,” stated a source acquainted with the diplomacy around the release.

“It is the common understanding of IEA members that we must cooperate as a whole,” said another source, this one from an IEA member country, who said the U.S. announcement came as a surprise.

The IEA told Reuters it had been in close contact with all member countries including the United States in the run-up to its two stock release announcements this year: “This consultation as well as the decisions for taking collective action were conducted in line with IEA procedures.”

The U.S. Department of Energy said the United States had been in “frequent contact” with the IEA and its member states on energy security leading up the announcement, but confirmed its decision to release the oil was “independent” of the IEA.

It did not comment on whether the United States shared in advance the timing and volume of its release.

“The United States and other IEA members countries can and have, independently, released oil from their strategic reserves separate from any IEA collective action,” the department said in a statement to Reuters.  

The White House did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment.


At issue is the U.S. announcement on March 31 that it would unleash 180 million barrels from the SPR at a pace of 1 million barrels per day to bring down soaring global energy prices and address cuts in Russian oil supplies since its invasion of Ukraine in February.

The sources told Reuters that Washington had not informed the IEA or its members that the announcement was coming – a break with past precedent – and that the record-sized volume, over three times bigger than any previous release from the SPR, was a surprise.

The U.S. announcement came one day before members of the IEA were due to meet to discuss a coordinated release. Following the meeting, which was chaired by U.S Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm, the IEA announced a coordinated release had been agreed but gave no detail on volumes.

At that point, the IEA’s leadership began bilateral meetings with other members to cobble together contributions, according to the two sources. After a week of diplomacy, it secured commitments from its non-U.S. members to unleash another 60 million barrels combined.

That 60 million-barrel figure was relatively small, however. Per the IEA’s rules, a member country’s contribution to a coordinated emergency release should roughly match the proportion of its oil consumption within the group.

With the United States accounting for about half of consumption among members, the IEA contribution should have roughly matched the U.S. draw.

“That wasn’t doable,” the source acquainted with the diplomacy stated. “It was impossible as no one had such stocks.”

“The optics of the release being done 75% in the U.S. and 25% in the remainder of the world are merely unusual,” the source included.

The IEA’s statement glossed over the inequality, detailing a 120 million-barrel release, with 60 countless that originating from the United States in the very first 2 months – successfully overlooking the reality the U.S. intended to keep the oil streaming for an extra 4 months.

The Biden administration’s release marked the 2nd time in 6 months that it had actually accepted a huge drawdown from the SPR without the IEA’s true blessing.

In November, the United States promised a release of 50 million barrels to tame costs increasing due to an unexpected rebound in need from the darkest days of the COVID-19 pandemic.

While some IEA members like South Korea, Britain and Japan made contributions to that release, the company itself remained due to the fact that it saw no significant supply interruption to resolve at the time.

After Russia’s intrusion, nevertheless, IEA member nations chose to arrange a collaborated release. On March 1, they revealed a release of 60 million barrels – half from the United States – to counter most likely interruptions to products from Russia, a leading worldwide oil and gas manufacturer.


Biden’s Republican challengers have actually knocked him for his transfer to launch the 180 million barrels from U.S. stockpiles, arguing that the choice was political which he must be motivating domestic oil production rather.

Record-high costs for gas in the United States are viewed as a leading vulnerability to Biden’s Democratic celebration leading into mid-term elections in November.

Biden worked on a pledge to phase out nonrenewable fuel sources to assist battle environment modification, however his administration has actually not effectively enforced any curbs on the market and has in current months advised drillers to accelerate production to lower costs.


News and digital media editor, writer, and communications specialist. Passionate about social justice, equity, and wellness. Covering the news, viewing it differently.

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