How to Perform an SEO Audit in 6 Steps

If I’m to identify things that can’t be ignored in SEO, auditing will not be short on the list. Why? Because it’s an SEO audit that assists you determine if absolutely nothing stops your website from ranking high. 

In a nutshell, I would explain an SEO audit as the procedure of evaluating how well your site is enhanced for online search engine. It will assist you:

  • comprehend if your existing keyword method works; 
  • discover brand-new material concepts;
  • find and fix technical problems that might impact rankings;
  • examine how users communicate with the site; and
  • make certain your website is reliable.

Ideally, an SEO audit must lead to discovering reasons your website hasn’t succeeded of SERP yet (if it’s currently there, congratulations, you don’t require my guide). Besides, if thoroughly done, it might explain a number of brand-new advancement chances. But if you are just going to release your site, make certain you follow the site launch list prior to you continue with the SEO audit.  

Whether you are an entrepreneur or a digital online marketer, this post will assist you through a complete SEO audit. 

Step 1. Check your existing keyword rankings

Remember the principle of an SEO audit — it ought to constantly begin with inspecting where you stand at the minute, i.e., your website’s existing position. 

This action presupposes tracking your keyword rankings, inspecting the development you make over time, and comparing your rankings versus your rivals. 

If completely done, it will assist you comprehend how effective your existing SEO method is. You will likewise have the ability to examine the entire competitive landscape and your location in it. 

To examine your existing keyword rankings, I recommend 2 methods: through Google Search Console (GSC) and with Rank Tracker. The fastest method of inspecting your rankings is with Google Search Console. To do this, open your GSC and go to Performance > Search Results.

Above the chart, discover and click Average Position

Now, scroll down a bit. You will see the table with your leading questions and 3 metrics — Clicks, Impressions, and Position — for each question you rank for.

This is the information you require. You can utilize filters and take a look at metrics in ascending/descending order to find the keywords that bring the most traffic or rank much better. To examine the development your website has actually made over a particular amount of time, return to the chart and set the favored time. I normally set Last 12 months to get a broad view.

The chart will demonstrate how your website carries out and if its presence grows or decreases. 

Still, GSC is not informative sufficient to run an extensive audit (for instance, you can’t examine your rivals’ rankings with it). So, let’s attempt a more beneficial method — Rank Tracker. There is a totally free variation for you to attempt it out.  

Download the software application and develop the task for your site. While establishing, you can link your Google Analytics and Search Console accounts, define the keywords you wish to examine rankings for, and pick the favored online search engine.

Once ended up, go to the Target Keywords module > Rank Tracking > Ranking Progress. You will get a list of all your ranking keywords and pages and the position they handle the SERPs.

You can likewise keep an eye on if your rankings have actually enhanced or dropped with the Difference metric. But, it’s a lot more practical to monitor it with Progress Graph and Rank History functions, where the details is imagined and quickly absorbable.

Note that the Rank Progress module does not offer historic information for your rankings, so your rank development history will begin to be tape-recorded after the very first audit. Now, the last thing we must examine right now is your rivals’ rankings for the exact same keywords. For that, click Preferences at the top of the control panel and click Competitors. Add your SEO rivals and click OK.

Here is what you will see — your rivals’ rankings right near yours. 

My suggestions: If you don’t see keywords you’ve anticipated to rank for, it can imply you haven’t released sufficient material appropriate to them. So, you require to develop more premium material for these keywords.

Step 2. Audit for low-hanging fruits 

Warning: You can’t investigate for low-hanging fruits without understanding what keywords your website is ranking for. So make certain you haven’t avoided the previous point. 

At this phase, we require to search for pages that haven’t been ranking high enough — #10 and lower on the SERPs. SEOs call these pages the low-hanging fruits. These pages require simply a little increase to succeed 10 positions, carry out as expected, and bring a great deal of traffic.

Finding low-hanging fruits is really my preferred part: you put in a little effort and get quick outcomes. So, now let’s discover how to do that. You can discover low-hanging fruits in GSC. Go to the Performance report > Pages and set filters for Positions “Greater than” 10.

Put Position in rising order. There will be pages from 10.1 + position. You require to examine those that are from 10.1 to 20. 

Then take a look at the impressions of these keywords. If the variety of impressions is good, this is your low-hanging fruit. Alternatively, you can continue your deal with Rank Tracker. Go to Rank Tracking once again and use filters for Rank: More than 10 and Less than 20. You will see all the pages that require a minor optimization to appear on the very first SERP.

Now, take a look at the variety of look for each keyword left. I can’t call an estimate for you to concentrate on, as the ideal number depends upon your specific niche: for some specific niches, 100 searches monthly is a lot; for others it’s absolutely nothing. 

My suggestions: When you’ve discovered the pages that require simply a little push to get to the very first SERP, make certain you enhance them appropriately:

  • Check titles and descriptions
  • Revise your URL structure
  • Find low-grade pages to get rid of
  • Detect internal connecting faults
  • Make sure headings matter
  • Update content routinely

All these jobs don’t need substantial expenses however can bring extremely rewarding outcomes.

Step 3. Audit for brand-new material chances

Since you currently understand what keywords your pages rank for, you require to discover some keywords that you don’t rank for yet. Then you can develop or enhance existing material for them. 

That’s where you require a material space analysis. It is the procedure of evaluating your existing material for missed out on chances. At completion of the day, the more appropriate keywords you target on your pages, the more noticeable your website is to the world.

I think content space analysis is not just about rivals as others declare. You can discover content spaces by taking a look at your own material also. There are a variety of approaches to discover brand-new material concepts. But I want to recommend to you my preferred one — through evaluating how your material matches your consumer journey

I can call a minimum of 3 phases consumers go through: awareness, factor to consider, and purchase. There can be more phases depending upon your product/service, so make certain you understand your purchaser personality and consumer journey inside and out. In a perfect world, there must suffice material for each of these phases. 

Let’s think about the example of a coffee roasters site. I evaluated all site pages and organized them into 3 columns based upon consumer journey phases.

As you can see in the image above, the Consideration phase is not filled with material enough. Pages explaining the advantages and functions of the item along with some evaluations won’t be odd here, don’t you believe?

So, we conclude: If there are phases that are not covered enough, you require to fill the space. And if there are pages that you can’t match to any phase, you produced them fruitless. Now let’s determine the keyword space by taking a look at rivals. I will do it with Rank Tracker. Proceed to the Keyword Research module > Keyword Gap.

Choose the choice All Competitors however Not Your Site or Any Competitor however Not Your Site, amount to 5 rivals and click Search. You will see the list of keywords your rivals rank for and you don’t.

Look at the keywords your rivals rank for and examine their metrics. And if you think about these keywords appropriate and deserving, target them too. 

My suggestions: When picking rivals’ keywords to target, search for a happy medium in between their search volume and keyword problem (a metric that demonstrates how difficult it will be for you to rank for a particular keyword). It’s a more sensible thing to do instead of blindly copying all the keywords that bring a great deal of traffic.

Step 4. Audit for technical SEO problems

Correct me if I’m incorrect, however technical SEO is no less important than keywords. The concept of a technical SEO audit is basic — you examine each and every technical SEO element of your website. It consists of the following:

  • crawling and indexing problems
  • website architecture problems
  • replicate material
  • internal connecting
  • code problems
  • reroutes
  • title tags, and so on.

At this action, you are ensuring there are no problems that avoid your website from being accessed and ranked by online search engine.

Though you can track some technical elements in Search Console, I suggest utilizing SEO tools here. Just due to the fact that it’s faster and the scale is bigger. I will utilize WebSite Auditor —  a site audit tool, which, similar to Rank Tracker, belongs of the SEO toolkit by SEO PowerSuite. 

Let’s very first run a complete site-level SEO audit. For that, you require to develop the task for your website, then continue to the Site Structure module > Site Audit. You will see the list of possible/existing problems. If some concern is crucial and requires your repair, it will be marked in red. 

You can likewise run a page-level audit in case you wish to examine particular pages.  Open the Page Audit module and click Technical Audit. Enter your URL and the keywords for it.

The tool offers suggestions on each concern it discovers so that you can quickly repair it. Just follow them and your technical SEO will be perfect.

My suggestions: If you desire more info on technical SEO, there is an excellent website audit list for you to follow.

Step 5. Audit functionality

User experience matters a lot for online search engine.  And given that website functionality is an excellent part of the user experience, you must likewise monitor it. It implies you must understand how practical your website is for users. That’s where you can gain from a usability audit.

Basically, this audit presupposes monitoring Core Web Vitals and mobile functionality. The very first part has to do with ensuring your website loads rapidly and with no mistakes. The 2nd one implies inspecting if your website’s mobile variation has no downsides that might impact your mobile ranking. 

Let’s rapidly examine these out in Google Search Console. First, open the Experience report and see the Page Experience insight. It is a summary of the user experience of your website visitors. 

Here you will see the basic info on both mobile and desktop user experience. You require to scroll down to examine if there are any problems with Core Web Vitals and mobile functionality:

As you can see, my GSC reveals I have some issues and I require to dig much deeper into each of them. I can click any area to get the required information.

My suggestions: Make sure there are no invasive interstitials on your pages also — the pop-ups that overlay your material and avoid users from reading it. It is likewise a part of the functionality element; nevertheless, it doesn’t need an entire audit to examine.

Step 6. Audit your backlink profile

It’s backlinks that develop your website’s authority. With a healthy and abundant backlink profile, your website has more opportunities to appear in the leading 10 search results page. That is why you require to investigate your backlink profile routinely — to prevent charges from online search engine and discover brand-new backlink chances.

I will reveal you how to do a complete backlink audit with SEO SpyGlass. It consists of finding and examining all your backlinks, comparing your backlink profile versus your rivals, and discovering brand-new backlink chances. First, let’s discover all your backlinks. For that, you require SEO SpyGlass set up and introduced. Then enter your domain and click Get Backlinks. First thing, open the Backlink Profile module and check Summary to examine your general backlink profile. There you will discover thorough info on the variety of your backlinks, brand-new and lost backlinks, their historic information, anchor texts, and so on.

To get more comprehensive info on each backlink, switch to the Backlinks tab.  

Pay attention to the number of dofollow links you’ve got as it’s them that pass authority to your website. It’s likewise terrific to have a concept of how reliable the connecting domains/pages are. Now, you require to examine your backlinks’ charge danger. Go to Backlink Profile > Penalty Risk.

If you discover some relate to high charge danger (will be marked in red), you require to disavow them or eliminate yourself if possible. That’s essential. And lastly, let’s compare your rivals’ profiles. Go to Domain Comparison, get in approximately 5 rivals of yours, and click Ok. You will see a contrast chart with all the required backlink specifications.

I think you’ll right away comprehend all your strengths and weak points by taking a look at it. For example, my analysis reveals that my website lags a bit behind its rivals, so I require to focus my efforts on link structure more. 

The tool can assist you discover backlink chances also. Switch to Link Intersection and click Prospective Domains. You will see the websites that connect to your rivals however not to you. Yet.

You must absolutely attempt to get backlinks from these domains also. Especially those that offer dofollow backlinks. That’s a great method.

My suggestions: To make your audit more thorough, make certain to link your Google Analytics and Search Console accounts to the audit tools you will utilize.


I’m not going to lie, an SEO audit is a lengthy procedure. It needs perseverance and consistency. I just hope that my post made it a bit simpler for you.


News and digital media editor, writer, and communications specialist. Passionate about social justice, equity, and wellness. Covering the news, viewing it differently.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Back to top button